Oracleasm deletedisk failed Unable to clear disk

I’ve deleted disk from ASM diskgroup:

ALTER DISKGROUP DATA01 DROP DISK DISK6;

After it finished dropping the disk and all extents were moved to the remaining disks, I tried to delete disk from the ASM library and return it to the system:

oracleasm deletedisk -v DISK6

Clearing disk header: oracleasm-write-label: Unable to open device "/dev/oracleasm/disks/DISK6": Device or resource busy
failed
Unable to clear disk "DISK6"

The reason is that oracle leaves the disk open even after removing it from the diskgroup.

There are two solutions:________________________________________________

1. One for  24/7 databases:

–Find the device name

[root@r2n1 ~]# blkid |grep oracleasm

/dev/sdd1: LABEL="DISK6" TYPE="oracleasm"

–Clear the device header manually

Make sure, you use the right device name. If you specify wrong device name, the operation is unrecoverable.

su –

dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sdd1 bs=1024 count=100

or

dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/oracleasm/disks/DISK6 bs=1024 count=100

If you have RAC system , run dd on all nodes.

Another solution:

1. Reboot the server

# reboot

Or

Restart database instance and CRS services

–Shutdown database

$ export ORACE_SID=orcl
$ export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1
$ sqlplus / as sysdba
SQL> shutdown immediate;

–Shutdown CRS services

./crsctl stop crs

–Start CRS services

./crsctl start crs

–Start database

$ export ORACE_SID=orcl
$ export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1
$ sqlplus / as sysdba
SQL> startup;

2. Then delete the disk.

oracleasm deletedisk -v DISK6

PIN_PACKS-TRIGGER-INVALID, DBMS_SHARED_POOL.KEEP must be declared 10g

To resolve the issue, do the following:

1. Connect as SYSDBA

$sqlplus / as sysdba

2. Create DBMS_SHARED_POOL package , grant necessary privileges and create dba_keepsizes view.

@?/rdbms/admin/dbmspool.sql

3. Recompile the trigger

alter trigger PIN_PACKS compile;

DBMS_SQLPA – PACKAGE BODY – INVALID 10g

To resolve the issue, do the following:

1. Connect as SYSDBA

$ sqlplus / as sysdba

2. Drop plan table

SQL> drop table plan_table;

Table dropped.

 

3. Recreate plan table

SQL> @?/rdbms/admin/utlxplan

Table created.

4. Re-create dbms_sqlpa package and public synonym

SQL> @?/rdbms/admin/prvtspao.plb

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

Package created.

No errors.

Synonym created.

No errors.

Package body created.

No errors.

5. Recompile all objects

SQL> @?/rdbms/admin/utlrp.sql

Add/Drop ASM disks to DISKGROUP on RAC(or Standalone)

Note: The steps are described for RAC, but you can easily guess what are the steps for the standalone database.

1. First of all find the disk or partition name, that should be added to the ASM.

fdisk -l

My disk partition name is /dev/sdi1.

2. Assign the disk to ORACLEASM.

–On node1

/etc/init.d/oracleasm createdisk DISK7 /dev/sdi1

3. Scan disks in ALL NODES and list them to check if is presented.

–On node1

/etc/init.d/oracleasm scandisks
/etc/init.d/oracleasm listdisks

–On node2

/etc/init.d/oracleasm scandisks
/etc/init.d/oracleasm listdisks

4. Change the environment to the grid infrastructure, by setting ORACLE_SID to +ASM and so on :

$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [media1] ? +ASM1
The Oracle base for ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/11.2.0/grid is /u01/app/oracle

# Connect as an SYSASM

sqlplus / as sysasm

Note: If you don’t remember the password for the sysasm user see How to reset SYSASM password.

# Find the diskgroup name

SQL> select name from v$asm_diskgroup;

NAME
——————————
DATA01

# Increase power limit, if you want, to complete rebalance operation in a short time.

SQL>  alter system set asm_power_limit=10

# Indicate disks location by the parameter asm_diskstring

SQL> alter system set asm_diskstring=’ORCL:DISK*’

SQL> alter diskgroup DATA01 add disk ‘ORCL:DISK7′;

It will do the rebalance automatically.

# To drop the disk , do the following:

SQL >  alter diskgroup DATA01 drop disk DISK7;

It will rebalance first and then drops the disk automatically.

You can see the current operation in v$asm_operation view.

Note: Until the view v$asm_operation contains a record you are able to undrop the disks by the following way:

SQL> alter diskgroup DATA01 undrop disks;

If the operation is already completed , you are not able to undrop the disk . But you can re-add the disk , if you want.

That is all.

How to reset SYSASM password

By sysasm user can maintain ASM instance. The main idea is to separate storage administrator and database administrator responsibilities. To reset its password, do the following:

[oracle@r1n1 ~]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [orcl1] ? +ASM1
The Oracle base for ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/11.2.0/grid is /u01/app/oracle

[oracle@r1n1 ~]$ asmcmd
ASMCMD> orapwusr –modify –password sys
Enter password: ********

Upgrade 10g XE to 11g XE

I’ve had a lot of trouble with 10g XE. Especially with its upgrading process to 11g XE. So I want to share my experience with you.

There are at least 2 options to do the upgrade.

First one is backup/restore and second one is export/import.

Note: I ‘ve installed 10g XE and 11g XE on separate servers(because couldn’t handle to install them together)

Note2: The 1st one doesn’t worked for me and is described shortly. The 2nd  one worked for me and is fully descriptive.

1. Take utlu112i.sql script from 11g XE and place it on 10g XE server.

2. Run this script on 10g XE.

Go to the gen_inst.sql file location or indicate a full path to the file:

sqlplus sys as sysdba @gen_inst.sql

3. Backup 10g XE database.

4. Restore to 11g XE

5. Startup upgrade.

6. Run the following scripts on 11g XE.

–Upgrade

sqlplus sys as sysdba @catupgrd.sql

–Recompile

sqlplus sys as sysdba @utlrp.sql

BUT these steps that are described on most of the blogs and sites did not work for me.

Another option that worked for me is export/import.

1. Take gen_inst.sql script from 11g XE.

2. Place and run this script on 10g XE.

sqlplus sys as sysdba @gen_inst.sql

It will generate install.sql, gen_apps.sql and other .sql files

3. On 10g XE

CREATE DIRECTORY DUMP_DIR AS ‘C:\oraclexe\dump_dir';

GRANT read, write ON DIRECTORY DUMP_DIR TO public;

expdp ‘sys/passwd as sysdba’ full=Y EXCLUDE=SCHEMA:\"LIKE \’APEX_%\’\",SCHEMA:\"LIKE \’FLOWS_%\’\" directory=DUMP_DIR dumpfile=DB10G.DMPlogfile=expdpDB10G.log

expdp ‘sys/passwd as sysdba’ TABLES=FLOWS_FILES.WWV_FLOW_FILE_OBJECTS$ directory=DUMP_DIR dumpfile=DB10G2.dmp logfile=expdpDB10G2.log

Note: if ‘sys/passwd as sysdba’  doesn’t work try without it and then enter the credentials.

expdp  full=Y EXCLUDE=SCHEMA….
Username: sys@XE as sysdba
Password: *****

4. Import to 11g XE

CREATE DIRECTORY DUMP_DIR AS ‘C:\oraclexe\dump_dir';
GRANT read, write ON DIRECTORY DUMP_DIR TO public;

impdp  ‘sys/passwd as sysdba’ full=Y directory=DUMP_DIR dumpfile=DB10G.DMP logfile=expdpDB10G1.log

impdp  ‘sys/passwd as sysdba’ directory=DUMP_DIR TABLE_EXISTS_ACTION=APPEND  TABLES=FLOWS_FILES.WWV_FLOW_FILE_OBJECTS$ dumpfile=DB10G2.DMP logfile=expdpDB10G1b.log

5. Run install.sql. It will run other scripts itself.

sqlplus sys as sysdba @install.sql

Configure Oracle database to use SSL with self-signed certificate

You can use Oracle SSL to encrypt data exchange between Oracle database and Oracle client.

For the first time, let’s check that data is not encrypted by default when the client is selecting some info from the database.

For demonstration of this I will use WireShark.

Checking…

1. Run WireShark and highlight network card by which you use to connect to the database. For me it is "”Local Area Connection 3”.

image

2. click Capture Options and in Capture Filter write :

src host 192.168.171.153 and dst host 192.168.59.51 and tcp port 1521

Description: src host –is client ip
                       dst host – is database ip
                      tcp port – is the database port number

This means to capture requests from client(192.168.171.153) to the database(192.168.59.51) using tcp port 1521.

3. click Start.

4. Connect to the database and run testing select:

select *
from dual

WireShark with a lot of rows will contain the row consisting the following text, that contains our select

image

Configuring SSL…

Wallet configuration on DB server

0. Lets create working folder called /0 for simplicity.

mkdir /0

chmod –R 777 /0

1. Create certification request using Oracle Wallet Manager (/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/bin/owm).

su – oracle

owm

image

2.  Wallet->New

image

3.  Enter the password, which protects wallet from opening. OK

4. Click Yes(for creating necessary folders for wallet)

image

5. Click Yes(for creating certification request)

image

6. Fill the items by your info.

7. click OK

8. Highlight certification request and from menu choose Operations->Export Certificate Request

image

9. Save the file with the extension .csr in /0 folder

image

10. Download ssl.ca-0.1.tar.gz file for to generate trusted and user certificates.

Here I want to note that trusted certificate is like a public key which will be sent to the client and user certificate is like a private key which has only the database server.

Move downloaded file to the /0 folder and extract. Then move certification request to the extracted folder.

cd /0/
tar -xvf ssl.ca-0.1.tar.gz
mv /0/CerReq.csr  /0/ssl.ca-0.1/

1.10  Create a self-signed root certificate by running the new-root-ca.sh script. This will create a file called ca.crt

cd /0/ssl.ca-0.1/

./new-root-ca.sh
No Root CA key round. Generating one
Generating RSA private key, 1024 bit long modulus
…………………++++++
………………………………………………………..++++++
e is 65537 (0x10001)
Enter pass phrase for ca.key:enter the password
Verifying – Enter pass phrase for ca.key:enter the password

Self-sign the root CA…
Enter pass phrase for ca.key:enter the password
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter ‘.’, the field will be left blank.
—–
Country Name (2 letter code) [MY]:GE
State or Province Name (full name) [Perak]:.     <- here is written dot (.)
Locality Name (eg, city) [Sitiawan]:Tbilisi
Organization Name (eg, company) [My Directory Sdn Bhd]:MjM
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) [Certification Services Division]:IT
Common Name (eg, MD Root CA) []:ca_root
Email Address []:mariam.kupa@gmail.com

1.11 Create the self-signed server certificate by running the sign-server-cert.sh script.

./sign-server-cert.sh CerReq
CA signing: CerReq.csr -> CerReq.crt:
Using configuration from ca.config
Enter pass phrase for ./ca.key:enter the password for the ca
Check that the request matches the signature
Signature ok
The Subject’s Distinguished Name is as follows
commonName            : .PRINTABLE:’MjM’
organizationalUnitName: .PRINTABLE:’IT’
organizationName      : .PRINTABLE:’MjM’
localityName          : .PRINTABLE:’Tbilisi’
countryName           : .PRINTABLE:’GE’
Certificate is to be certified until Nov  5 12:40:48 2014 GMT (365 days)
Sign the certificate? [y/n]:y

1 out of 1 certificate requests certified, commit? [y/n]y
Write out database with 1 new entries
Data Base Updated
CA verifying: CerReq.crt <-> CA cert
CerReq.crt: OK

1.12 From the wallet manager import these certificates.

image

Operations-> Import Trusted Certificate

image

Select a file that contains the certificate. click OK.

image

Choose ca.crt

image

 

image

Choose CerReq.crt

Save the wallet from the menu Wallet->Save

image

click OK.

image

Check Auto Login and Exit.

Oracle Advanced Security and listener Configuration on DB Server

1.

su – oracle

netmgr

Choose Profile->Oracle Advanced Security-> SSL

choose server

image

Fill the items as it is shown on the picture, except that you should indicate your own wallet location. For me it is /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/owm/wallets/oracle

Click File->Save Network Configuration.

2. Change listener entry on the database server by adding port 2484 using protocol TCPS :

# listener.ora Network Configuration File: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/network/admin/listener.ora
# Generated by Oracle configuration tools.

SID_LIST_LISTENER =
  (SID_LIST =
    (SID_DESC =
      (GLOBAL_DBNAME = orcl)
      (ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1)
      (SID_NAME = orcl)
    )
  )

SSL_CLIENT_AUTHENTICATION = FALSE

WALLET_LOCATION =
  (SOURCE =
    (METHOD = FILE)
    (METHOD_DATA =
      (DIRECTORY = /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/owm/wallets/oracle)
    )
  )

LISTENER =
  (DESCRIPTION_LIST =
    (DESCRIPTION =
      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = server.gov.ge)(PORT = 1521))
    )
    (DESCRIPTION =
      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCPS)(HOST = server.gov.ge)(PORT = 2484))
    )
  )

ADR_BASE_LISTENER = /u01/app/oracle

Look at the highlighted section , I am using 2484 as a port  number ,which is Oracle recommended port for SSL , and  TCPS as a protocol .

Restart the listener

lsnrctl stop

lsnrctl start

Client Configuration

1.  Do the same steps as we did on the database server.

1.1 Create new wallet

1.2 Create certificate request

1.3 Copy trusted certificate, which we have generated on the database server

1.4 Import only trusted certificate.

1.5 Save

1.6  Check Auto Login and Save.

2. Run Network Manager

2.1 Profile->Oracle Advanced Security –>SSL

choose client.

image

Fill items as it is shown on the picture(indicate your wallet location)

3. Configure tnsnames.ora by the following entry:

orcl_ssl=
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCPS)(HOST = server.gov.ge)(PORT = 2484))
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (SERVICE_NAME = orcl)
    )
  )

Check again by WhireShark.

You will see that no rows will contain clear words. Everything is encrypted.

 

Note: If you have any certification validation failure errors, first try to stop listener and start again..or write me on the comment and I will try to help you.

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